Operational Framework

Published in: on August 17, 2011 at 6:32 pm  Leave a Comment  

Conceptual Framework

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Theoretical Framework

Published in: on August 17, 2011 at 6:28 pm  Leave a Comment  

Note 4

Beckham (2009) provided tips on how to improve the retention span of a child by practicing it just like any musical lessons that needs to be practice daily to perfect the task. Since it has been a challenge for many parents that their child gets good grades and does homework well but during evaluation or achievement tests that will base on their retention to their lessons it is highly opposite to their everyday scores. That is why, Beckham (2009) hand over tips to overcome this problem, he mentioned that “the best way to give the child a practice” is to give workbooks or other materials that would help increasing their retention through applying the concepts they have been studying in school. Because just like again musical instruments they need application to improve performance.

Published in: on August 15, 2011 at 4:26 pm  Leave a Comment  

Note 3

How TV can ‘rewire’ brains of tiny tots.  (2004) states that young children ages from 1 to 3 may be less affected by what they watch on televisions like “Sponge Bob Square Pants”, “Barney” and any other kiddy movies other than,  television programs watch by their parents while the kids playing at their feet with their toys, “panda bears and building blocks”. It points out,  how negative the effect is for the children whose ages are from 1 to 3 who accidentally to be in the same room with their parents watching the television shows of their mom and dad or could be their dad playing “Crossfire” as the children hears the noise, fights and the cracking of the guns.

This action can be considered as “low-level child abuse”. If we were to make a contrast between first-hand smokers and second-hand smokers, experts say that second-hand smoker is more likely in a dangerous state  compared to the first-hand smoker. It is the same as well with the situation of the children as “second-hand television” because their mental health is at stake.

A research of 2,600 children between the ages of 1 to 3 that the more they are expose to televisions or any media gadgets the greater it affects the attention-span loss by the age of 7. How TV can ‘rewire’ brains of tiny tots.  (2004) says:

“They have trouble concentrating or paying attention to a toy or a doll for very long. Although the initial finding sounds like parents ought to keep the tots away from all television at that age — a valid opinion — the study was begun in the 1980s before most of the shows geared to the younger child (like “Teletubbies) were first aired, which suggests that the children were exposed to shows watched by other adults or older children. The children under 3 may not have focused on the television, but they could have been influenced by background light and sound. The medium and not the message might have been the culprit. This radical theory — and it’s only a theory — is that fast-paced visual images can alter normal brain development.”


The American Academy Pediatrics advised the parents five years ago that too much exposure of children below 2 could affect the mental and emotional health of the children. A lot of families disregarded the advise.

Published in: on August 15, 2011 at 3:45 pm  Leave a Comment  

Note 2

According to The Effects of Computers on Workplace Stress, Job Security and Work Interest in Canada. (2002) Technology, especially computers  changed the way of our living today. Computers have increasingly improved the productivity and speed of the workers today, and even in schools it provides faster solutions to school works of students. The research pointed out also that many has shown that today’s firms take computer as a part of their success or even as their way of achieving success because it provides accurate and faster solutions to any of their problems. Many other views also reveals how important computers are to the employment of an individual because their are 15 percent unemployed job seekers use the internet in seeking for jobs.


Published in: on August 15, 2011 at 9:24 am  Leave a Comment  

Note 1

In the study of Fairlie(2003) about the “Effects of Home  Computers on School Enrollment” he mentioned in his research about how different the results are to the surveys made by other researchers. He stated that in Israel the use of computer or other media gadgets has increasingly lessen the scores of the students to there academic performance specifically on the course of Math. However school teachers and principal on the said institution supports the use of computer or the usage of the modern technology, even in the recent reports of the national survey supported by the US Department of Education almost all principals reported that technology plays an important role to the education of the students today and will be in great contribution for the coming years, and majority of the teachers agreed that technology is essential as a module of their teachings. In the research of Fairlie (2003) he provided the survey of the 1988 National Educational Longitudinal Survey (NELS) that the result of the survey confirmed that the exam scores and grades of the students positively affected their academic performance, 3 to 5 percent higher than students who does not have computers at home.

Published in: on August 15, 2011 at 8:58 am  Leave a Comment