Theoretical, Conceptual, Operational Framework – Second Draft

Theoretical Framework
Almost every day, a new gadget or media device is introduced to the world. Specifically, these gadgets are mostly used by students to aid them in their scholastic purposes or just mere leisure usage at home.
            Based from the Recency Effect Theory of Miller and Campbell (1959), our mind retains information that is recently gathered from certain events and observations in our surroundings. The Recency Effect Theory also stated that given a list of things to memorize on a certain amount of time, we will have a propensity to recall easily the things that are located on the last part of the list as compared to those in the middle.
            On the online website of Curtin University’s Student Transition and Retention Team, the makers of the Retention Theory, they pointed out that there are about ten variables that comprises the student’s ability to retain information, these included: individual attributes, student finances, developing relationships with prospective students, addressing the impact of pre-university education, goal commitment, institutional commitment, quality of teaching and learning, peer-group interaction, faculty interaction, and the graduate’s relationship with the University.
            Figure 1 on the next page shows the flow and relationship from the Recent Effect Theory and Student Retention Theory, on which these two coincide with media devices.
 Conceptual Framework
We are undeniably in the era of great innovations, where everything we do becomes easy; everything we want becomes real; everything we need becomes ours in a bit. Since there are a lot of media devices nowadays, it might be better if we focus on the most accessible and frequently used device which is the computer. Based on observations, computers are mostly used in school, such as, people who surfs the net inside the school, those who have subjects that needs the usage of computers and many more. Computers are mostly used in their homes both for academic and personal use. The usage of computers in any location will then correlate with duration of the student’s usage of the computer which has been stated in the Recency Effect Theory. The duration of computer usage will then affect the retention ability of the students.
            Based on the Retention Ability Theory there are about 10 factors that can affect the student’s retention and the proponents have chosen two which is the teacher and the student’s environment. Teachers are the ones who mold the minds of the students, who teach the student’s the things that they should know about school, and the teachers are also the one who conducts the exam to the students. The teacher’s role is indeed important to the student’s ability to retain. Next is the environment which includes: school facilities, ventilation and other stuffs concerning the school. The proponents have also thought that the topic of the lesson might just as well be included.
            Figure 2 on the next page illustrates the aforementioned flow of the fundamental concepts of the study, as based on the proponents’ understandings in the course of the research.
Operational Framework
Almost all electric sockets in the AS Lobby of UP Cebu is occupied by laptop chargers of different students from different courses but mostly dominated by Computer Science students. The said situation shows the perception of Computer Science students.
            This study would first aim to measure the number of hours of computer usage of the selected students studying Computer Science. Measurement on school usage and home usage shall be separated since more home usage or school usage might affect differently the response of the students.
            A test will then measure the retention ability of second year Computer Science students of UP Cebu. The student’s response or retention ability is dependent on time as what was shown on the previously presented theories, based on this, the relationship of the number of hours of computer usage(both from home and school) and the results in the retention ability test which is also varied by different time intervals shall be measured and certain correlations shall be observed.
            Other factors shall also be regarded, specifically the teacher and the way he interacts with the students, the environment and how it affects the students, and finally, the topic if it interests the student.
            The abovementioned flow of the basic operations of study is effectively shown in Figure 3 on the next page, as the researchers have logically formulated and revealed.
Published in: on September 1, 2011 at 2:31 pm  Leave a Comment  

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